Judith Wright, Ph.D.
President and CEO
PIMS NW, Inc. & UFA Ventures, Inc.
Ph.D. Geology (1985)
University of Oregon, Eugene. Rare Earth Element Distributions in Recent and Fossil Apatite: Implications for Paleoceanography and Stratigraphy. Emphasis on stable isotopes and
trace elements. (Education minor)
M.S. Geology (1982)
University of Oregon. The Geochemistry of Conodont Apatite: Secular Variations
Inferred by Comparison With the Ce-Fe System in the Modern Ocean. Emphasis on carbonates and
B.S. Geology (1979)
California State University, Northridge. Petrogenesis and Geochemistry of the
Rosarito Volcanics, Baja, Calif. (Philosophy minor)
PIMS NW, Inc
President and Owner, Sedimentary Geochemist, December, 2000 to present. PIMS NW research and development of Apatite II for pollution prevention and remediation of metals and radionuclides in soils, groundwater and other metal-contaminated media for national and international clients and collaborators in government, academia and industry. Other consulting services include:
• bench-scale proof-of-principle studies and pilot-scale and full-scale demonstrations,
• feasibility and treatability studies,
• remedial and pollution prevention design and implementation,
• oversight of implementation operations,
• develop teaching and training courses and manuals on a variety of scientific subjects for students professionals and the general public.
UFA Ventures, Inc.
President and Owner, Environmental Geologist, April 1999 to present, General Director, 1994 to 1999. UFA Ventures is a full-service geology and soil-testing laboratory with national and international clients and collaborators in government, academia and industry, providing:
• innovative hydrogeology technology, soil and rock testing services,
• environmental remediation,
• feasibility/treatability studies,
• consulting, and sales of UFA instruments,
• education and training on a variety of scientific topics through lectures, seminars, classes, field trips and the production of films, videos, websites, textbooks, workbooks and slide presentations.
Washington State University
Adjunct Professor, 1990 to present, Geology Program and Environmental Science Program.
• develop and teach upper division and graduate lecture, laboratory and field courses for the Environmental Science Program, the Physics Program and the Geology Program.
• served on student thesis and dissertation committees/acted as student advisor.
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Environmental Management Operations
Staff Scientist and Senior Project Manager, 1987 to 1994.
• Program Manager, SERDP Phosphate Stabilization of Materials – Phase I, ($875K)
• Program Manager for the U.S. Air Training Command (ATC) Installation Restoration Program (IRP) at Keesler Air Force Base, Biloxi, MS ($15,000K).
• Program Manager, CRADA with Beckman Instruments, Inc., ($2,000K)
• Project Manager, Integrated Demo Program, Arid Site Demo at Hanford. Project management and technical support for applied R&D ($1,500K)
• PI, DOE Subsurface Science Program, Coordinator/Facilitator of Subprogram Integration, Communication and Interaction ($500k)
• Project Manager, DOE Salt Repository Program ($250k)
Arizona State University
Associate Director, Postdoctoral Research Associate, 1986 to 1987.
Associate Director and Program Coordinator for the Honors Program.
• Expanded Honors Program in sciences by coordinating seven science and mathematics departments to develop and write a required two-semester course in the sciences.
• Directed and administered Fulbright-Hays, Marshall, Truman, Rhodes, and other fellowship and scholarship programs.
• Conducted scientific research on: 1) crystal structure of biogenic apatite and geochemical mapping of trace elements in biogenic apatite; 2) field and laboratory studies of chemical weathering and origin of etch pits in rock surfaces of southwestern deserts; 3) research on stable isotopic and trace element compositions of fluid inclusions in salt deposits to determine viability of salt deposits as sites for high-level nuclear waste disposal and the theoretical study of fluid inclusions as possible remnants of ancient seawater.
• American Chemical Society; American Geophysical Unio
• American Society of Mining and Reclamation (Lifetime); Geological Society of America
• The Geochemical Society; and the International Mine Water Association
Conca, J., S. Sage and J.Wright, 2008. “Nuclear energy and waste disposal in the age of fuel recycling.”
Journal of the New Mexico Academy of Sciences in press.
Wright, Judith and James Conca, 2007. The Geopolitics of Energy:Achieving a Just and Sustainable
Energy Distribution by 2040. BookSurge Publ., Charleston, SC. ISBN 1-4196-7588-5, 100pp.
Morin, D., A. Morin, C. Scalzo, A. Peisajovich and J. Wright, 2007. “Demonstration project:
immobilization of Pb in soil and groundwater using Apatite II.” Proceedings 60th Canadian
Geotechnical Conference and 8th Joint CGS/IAH-CNC Groundwater Conference Abstracts 2007,
Martin, W.A., S.L. Larson, D.R. Felt, J. Wright, C.S. Griggs, M. Thompson, J.L.Conca and C. Nestler, 2007. “The effect of organics on lead sorption onto Apatite II, Applied Geochemistry, 23:34-43.
Conca, James L. and Judith Wright, 2006. “An Apatite II permeable reactive barrier to remediate groundwater containing Zn, Pb and Cd,” Applied Geochemistry, 21:1288-1300.
Adams, B., N. Yancey, J. Conca and J. Wright, 2006. “PRB containing processed fish bones sequesters metals from ground water,” Technology News and Trends, Environmental Protection Agency EPA 542-N-06-002, Issue 23, p. 5-7.
Wright, J. and J.L. Conca, 2006. “Remediation of groundwater contaminated with Zn, Pb and Cd using a
permeable reactive barrier with Apatite II.” .” ICARD 2006 Abstr. Progr., Wash. Univ., St. Louis, MO.
Larson, S.L., P.G. Malone, C.A. Weiss, W.A. Martin, C. Trest, G. Fabian, M.F. Warminsky, D. Mackie,
J.J. Tasca, J. Wildey, and J. Wright, 2006. “Amended Ballistic Sand Treatability Studies in Support of
the Passive Reactive Berm (PRBerm) to Provide Low Maintenance Lead Containment at Active Small
Arms Firing Range Systems”, ERDC/EL TR-06-xx, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development
Center, Vicksburg, MS.
McCloskey, L., J. Wright, B. Stasney, N. Yancey and J.L. Conca, 2006. “Comparison of Apatite II™
treatment system at two mines for metals removal.” ICARD 2006 Abstr. Progr., Wash. Univ., St.
Martinez, M.N., S.S. Hightower, G.B. Smith, W. Mueller, J.L. Conca and J. Wright, 2006. “The effect of
Apatite II™ on the biodegradation of TNT and perchlorate in contaminated soil samples.” In Sustainable Range Management, Battelle Press, Columbus, OH. www.battelle.org/bookstore.
Raicevic, S., J. V. Wright, V. Veljkovic and J. L. Conca (2006) “Theoretical stability assessment of uranyl
phosphates and apatites: Selection of amendments for in situ remediation of uranium,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 355, p. 13-24.
Pasteris, J.D., D.E. Giammar, B. Wopenka, L.Xie, P. Scully and J. Wright, 2005. “Fishing for lead: metal
remediation through use of fish bone.” Geol. Soc. Amer. Abstr. Progr., Ann. Mtg., Salt Lake City, UT.
Wright, J., 2005. “From conodonts and ancient oceans to fish bones and metal contaminant stabilization.”
Goldschmidt Conference, Invited, Geochemical Society of London Abstracts, Univ. ID, Moscow.
Wright, J. and J. L. Conca, 2005. “Geochemistry of anthropogenic lead stabilization by Apatite II™.”
Goldschmidt Conference, Geochemical Society of London Abstracts, Univ. ID, Moscow.
Conca, J.L. and J. Wright, 2005. “The mineralogical facies developed within an Apatite II™ PRB for Pb,
Cd and Zn acid mine drainage.” Goldschmidt Conference, Geochemical Society of London Abstracts,
Univ. ID, Moscow.
Wright, J., J. L. Conca, and A. F. Slater (2005). PIMS with Apatite II: A field scale demonstration on a lead contaminated soil, Chapter 4 in Stabilisation/Solidification Treatment and Remediation, A. Al-Tabbaa and J. A. Stegemann, (eds), Taylor and Francis Group, London, ISBN 04 1537 460 X.
Judith Wright and James L. Conca, 2005. “PIMS™: Remediation of Soil and Groundwater Contaminated
With Metals.” Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (ESTCP) Cost and Performance Report, (CU-0020), http://www.estcp.org./, 50 pp.
Wright, J. and J.L. Conca, 2004. “Apatite II: how fish bones stabilize lead in range soils at Camp
Stanley, TX.” .” SERDP/ESTCP Symposium and Worshop Annual Mtg. Abstr., Wash., D.C.
Raicevic, S., J. V. Wright, J. Vujic and J. L. Conca (2004) “Prediction of the Weathering Properties of
Minerals Based on the Ion-Ion Interaction Potential,” Materials Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 824:455-460.
Wright, Judith and James L. Conca, 2004. “PIMS With Apatite II™ for the Remediation of Uranium and
Plutonium.” Abstracts Annual Mtg ACS, Anaheim, CA.
Wright, Judith, Ken R. Rice, Brian Murphy, and James Conca, 2004. “PIMS Using Apatite II™: How It
Works To Remediate Soil and Water.” In Sustainable Range Management, Eds., R.E. Hinchee and B.
Alleman, Battelle Press, Columbus, OH. www.battelle.org/bookstore, ISBN 1-57477-144-2, B4-05.
Wright, Judith, Ken R. Rice, Brian Murphy and James Conca, 2004. “PIMS-Remediation of Pb-
Contaminated Soil at Camp Stanley, TX.” In Sustainable Range Management, Eds., R.E. Hinchee and
B. Alleman, Battelle Press, Columbus, OH. www.battelle.org/bookstore, ISBN 1-57477-144-2, B4-04.
Wright, J. and J. Conca. 2003. “Remediation of groundwater contaminated with Zn, Pb, and Cd using
Apatite II.” Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series 1, Szeged, Hungary.
Wright, Judith and James L. Conca, 2003. “PIMS With Apatite II™ for the Remediation of Uranium and
Plutonium.” Abstracts of the Radiochemistry Conference, July 14-17, 2003, Carlsbad, NM.
Wright, Judith, and James Conca. 2002. “Remediation of Groundwater and Soil Contaminated with
Metals and Radionuclides using Apatite II, a Biogenic Apatite Mineral.” In Extended Abstracts of the
2002 American Chemical Society Meeting, August 18-22, Amer. Chem. Soc., Columbus, OH.
Conca, J., Strietelmeier, E., Lu, N., Ware, S. D., Taylor, T. P., Kaszuba, J., and Wright, J. V. (2002)
“Treatability Study of Reactive Materials to Remediate Groundwater Contaminated with Radionuclides,
Metals and Nitrates in a Four-Component Permeable Reactive Barrier,” Chapter 8, in Groundwater
Remediation of Metals, Radionuclides, and Nutrients, with Permeable Reactive Barriers (eds. Naftz,
Morrison, Davis, and Fuller), Elsevier Science, USA, p. 221-252.
Wright, J., A. Leeson, and B. Murphy. (2002) “Phosphate-Induced Metal Stabilization Used for Lead-
Contaminated Soil,” Tech Trends, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Issue No. 44, March, p. 2-3.
Conca, James L. and Judith Wright. 2001. Biogenic Apatite: From In Vivo to In Vitro Incorporation of
Metals and Radionuclides Into Apatite Mineral Phases. In Proceedings of the Second Hydroxyapatite
Congress, Eds. Schwind and Subramanian, Bio-Rad Labs, Berkeley, CA.
Lu, N., H. Xu, J. Wright, and J. Conca. 2001. “PIMS – Remediation of Metal-Contaminated Groundwater
and Soil Using a Special Reactive Form of the Mineral Apatite,” In Applied Mineralogy in Research,
Economy, Technology, Ecology and Culture, Eds., Rammlmair, J. Mederer, Th. Oberthür, R.B.
Heimann, and H. Pentinghaus , A.A.Balkema, Rotterdam (Publ.), ISBN 90 5809 163 5, V. 2, p. 603-606.
Conca, J. L. and J. V. Wright. 2001. ASTM Standard Test Method D6527 “Determining Unsaturated and
Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity in Porous Media by Steady-State Centrifugation,” Annual Book of
ASTM Standards: Soil and Rock (II), Section 4, Volume 04.09, p. 868-877, American Society for
Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA.
Conca, James L. and Judith Wright. 2001. Biogenic Apatite: From In Vivo to In Vitro Incorporation of
Metals and Radionuclides Into Apatite Mineral Phases. In Proceedings of the Second Hydroxyapatite
Congress, eds. Schwind and Subramanian, Bio-Rad Labs, Berkeley, CA.
Wright, J. V. and J. L. Conca. 1998. United States Patent #6217775 Stabilization and remediation of soil,
water and wastes contaminated with metals using fish bones and hard parts.” United States Patent and
Trademark Office (USPTO).
Conca, J. L., N. Lu, G. Parker, B. Moore, A. Adams, J. V. Wright and P. Heller. 2000. “PIMS –
Remediation of Metal Contaminated Waters and Soils”, in Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant
Compounds, (Wickramanayake, Gavaskar, Gibbs and Means, eds.) BMI, Columbus, OH, 7:319-326.
Conca, J. L. and J. Wright. 2000. “The UFA Method for Characterization of Vadose Zone Behavior,”
Chapter 3 In The Vadose Zone, eds. Looney and Falta, Battelle Press, BMI, Columbus OH, p. 1459.
Conca, J. L. and J. Wright. 2000. “Aqueous Diffusion in the Vadose Zone,” Chapter 5, In The Vadose
Zone, eds. Looney and Falta, Battelle Press, Batt. Mem. Inst., Columb., OH, p.796-797.
Conca, James and Judith Wright. 1999. “PIMS: A Simple Technology for Clean-Up of Heavy Metals and
Radionuclides Throughout the World,” In Environmental Challenges of Nuclear Disarmament, The
Proc. of the NATO Adv. Research Workshop, Krakow, ed. T.E. Baca, Poland, Nov 8-13,1998, p. 1-13.
Conca, J. L. and J. V. Wright. 1998. “The UFA Method for Rapid, Direct Measurements of Unsaturated
Soil Transport Properties”, Australian J. of Soil Research, 36:v 291-315.
Chen, Xiaobing, Judith. Wright, James L. Conca, and Loni M. Peurrung. 1997. “Effects of pH on Heavy
Metal Sorption on Mineral Apatite”, Env. Science and Technology, 31:624-631.
Chen, Xiaobing, J. V. Wright, J. L. Conca, and L. M. Peurrung. 1997. “Evaluation of Heavy Metal
Remediation Using Mineral Apatite”, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 98:57-78.
Wright, J. V. and J. L. Conca (1996) Development and Commercialization of the Unsaturated Flow Apparatus (UFA) Using Characterization of Aridisols, PNL Technical Report PNNL-11389, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, WA.
Chen, Xiaobing, Loni M. Peurrung, Judith Wright, and James L. Conca. 1996. “In Situ Immobilization of
Lead from Aqueous Solutions and Contaminated Soils by Phosphate Rocks”, Proc. of the Nuclear and
Hazardous Waste Management Spectrum ’96 Meeting, American Nuclear Society, 2:1286-1293.
Wright, Judith, Loni M. Peurrung, Timothy E. Moody, James L. Conca, Xiaobing Chen, Paul P.
Didzerekis and Eric Wyse . 1995. In Situ Immobilization of Heavy metals in Apatite Mineral Formulations, Technical Report to the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Department of Defense, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, WA, 154 p.
Moody, Timothy E. and Judith Wright. 1995. Adsorption Isotherms: North Carolina Apatite Induced
Precipitation of Lead, Zinc, Manganese and Cadmium from the Bunker Hill 4000 Soil, Technical Report
BHI-00197, Bechtel Hanford, Inc., Richland, WA, 21 p.
Conca, J. L. and J. V. Wright. 1995. “Find Transport Data Faster: A New Technology for Determining
Transport Properties in Soil and Other Porous Media”, Soil and Groundwater Cleanup, p. 14-26.
Conca, J. L. and J. V. Wright (1995) “Find Transport Data Faster: A New Technology for Determining
Transport Properties in Soil and Other Porous Media”, Soil and Groundwater Cleanup, December, p. 14-26.
Wright, Judith, James L. Conca, and Xiaobing Chen. 1994. Hydrostratigraphy and Recharge Distributions
from Direct Measurements of Hydraulic Conductivity Using the UFA* Method, Technical Report PNL-
9424, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, WA, 150 p.
Wright, Judith and James L. Conca. 1994. “Direct Measurements of Transport Properties are Essential for Site Characterization”, In Proc. of the Spectrum ’94 International Topical Meeting on Nuclear and Waste Management, American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, IL, 1:438-446.
Conca, J. L. and J. V. Wright (1994) “The UFA Technology for Characterization of In Situ Barrier Materials”, in Proceedings of the 33rd Hanford Symposium on Health and the Environment, Department of Energy, Pasco, Washington, vol.2, p. 1179-1193.
Wright, J. V., J. M. Leather, and J. L. Conca (1993) “The UFA™ Method for Site Characterization and
Remediation”, in Proceedings of the Environmental Remediation ’93 Conference, Augusta, GA, vol. 2, p.
Conca, J. L. and J. V. Wright (1993) “Centrifuge Technology for Vadose Zone Transport Measurements”,
in Vadose Zone Modeling, WHC-MR-0420, Westinghouse Hanford Company, Richland, WA, p. 153-168.
Conca, J. L. and J. V. Wright (1992) “A New Technology for Direct Measurements of Unsaturated Transport”, Proceedings of the Nuclear and Hazardous Waste Management Spectrum ’92 Meeting, American Nuclear Society, vol. 2, p. 1546-1555.
Conca, J. L. and Wright, J. V. (1991) “Aqueous Diffusion Coefficients in Unsaturated Materials”, Scientific
Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XIV, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, vol. 212, p. 879-884.
Conca, James L., and Judith Wright. 1991. “Diffusion and Flow in Gravel, Soil and Whole Rock under
Unsaturated Conditions,” Applied Hydrogeology, 1:1:5-24.
Wright, Judith. 1990. “Conodont Apatite: Structure and Geochemistry.” In Biomineralization: Patterns,
Processes and Evolutionary Trends, ed. J. Carter. Van Nost. Reinh, NY, p. 445-459.
Wright, Judith. 1990. “Conodont Geochemistry, a Key to the Paleozoic.” In 1st International Senckenberg Conference and 5th European Conodont Symposium, ed. Willi Ziegler. Contr. III, Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, Frankfurt, Germany.
Wright, Judith, James L. Conca, John Repetski, and James Clark. 1990. “Microgeochemistry of some Lower Ordovician Cordylodans from Jilin, China.” In 1st International Senckenberg Conference and 5th European Conodont Symposium , ed. Willi Ziegler. Contributions III, Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, Frankfurt, Germany.
Conca, James L., and Judith Wright. 1990. “Diffusion Coefficients in Gravel Under Unsaturated
Conditions.” In Water Resources Research, 26:1055-1066.
Conca, James L., and Judith Wright. 1990. “Effect of Meteoric Infiltration on the Aqueous Chemistry of
Paintbrush Tuff During Exposure at the Surface.” In Rad Wst Mgmt and the Nuc Fuel Cycle, 15:27-41.
Wright, Judith, Hans Schrader, and W. T. Holser. 1987. “Paleoredox Variations in Ancient Oceans
Recorded by REE in Fossil Apatite.” Geoch. Cosmoch. Acta, 51:631-644.
Wright, J. V. and J. L. Conca (1989) Experimental determination of unsaturated hydraulic conductivities and diffusion coefficients of gravels and soils beneath the Central Landfill at the Hanford Site, Battelle Pacific Northwest Labs Milestone Report, Richland WA, 28 p.
Conca, J. L. and Wright, J. (1988) “The Aqueous Chemistry of Weathering Solutions in Dolerite from the Allan Hills, Victoria Land”, Antarctic J. of the United States, vol. 22, p. 42 – 44.
Wright, Judith, James F. Miller, and W. T. Holser. 1987. “Chemostratigraphy of Conodonts Across the
Cambrian-Ordovician Boundary: Western U.S. and SE China.” In Conodonts: Investigative Tech. and
Appl., ed. R. L. Austin. Ellis Horwood, Ltd., London, pp. 259-286.
Holser, W. T., Mordeckai Magaritz, and Judith Wright. 1986. “Chemical and Isotopic Variations in the World Ocean During Phanerozoic Time.” In Global Biological Events in Earth History, ed. Otto Walliser. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 63-74.
Wright, Judith. 1985. “Chemical Events Near the Cambrian-Ordovician Boundary.” In Plenary Meeting
of the Cambrian-Ordovician Boundary Working Group, Calgary, Alberta.
Wright, Judith, Richard S. Seymour, and Henry F. Shaw. 1984. “REE and Nd Isotopes in Conodont
Apatite: Variations with Geological Age and Depositional Environment.” In Conodont Biofacies and
Provincialism, ed. David L. Clark. Geol. Soc. of Amer., Sp. Pap. 196, Boulder, pp. 325-340.
Miller, Richard H., Frederick A. Sundberg, Roberta Harma, and Judith Wright. 1981. “Upper Cambrian
Stratigraphy and Conodonts of Southern Nevada.” In Alcheringa, 5:183-196.
More than 100 work plans, characterization plans, remedial action plans and final reports prepared for
CERCLA and RCRA activities at DoD military sites.
Travel; gourmet cooking; reading philosophy, economics, political science, biographies, science, history, science/ speculative fiction and mysteries; writing; integrative and holistic medicine and healing; birdwatching; hiking; organic gardening; environmental and political activism; music, cinema and theatre; avid ailurophile; and collecting artifacts, books, artisano crafts, mineral and crystal specimens, antiques and art.